Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a traditional spice and herb used in India. Curcumin, a yellow coloring agent in turmeric is recognizable in many Indian food dishes. Traditionally, Ayurvedic medicine has used turmeric cosmetically and for various ailments including cardiovascular and neurological function. Studies have shown that curcumin contains antioxidant properties and can assist in the regulation of physiological responses. Researchers believe curcumin’s mechanism of action is likely mediated through its ability to inhibit cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), lipoxygenase (LOX), and induce nitric oxide synthase. These enzymes are usually up regulated during the body’s normal physiological response, and curcumin’s beneficial effects may support the regulation of COX-2 and LOX enzymes compared to conventional therapies.